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Definition

A form of pituitary adenoma, a neoplasm of the pituitary gland and one of the most common neuroendocrine tumors. Pituitary adenomas are clinically classified as functional and non-functional tumors, and manifest with a variety of features, including local invasion of surrounding structures and excessive hormone secretion. Functional pituitary adenomas are further classified by the type of hormone they secrete. PITA2 is a growth hormone-secreting benign neoplasm, also known as somatotropinoma. It clinically results in acromegaly, a condition characterized by coarse facial features, protruding jaw, and enlarged extremities. Excessive production of growth hormone in children or adolescents before the closure of epiphyses causes gigantism, a condition characterized by abnormally tall stature.

Acronym

PITA2

Synonyms

Acromegaly, X-linked
Acromegaly due to pituitary adenoma 2

Disclaimer

Any medical or genetic information present in this entry is provided for research, educational and informational purposes only. It is not in any way intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, treatment or care. Our staff consists of biologists and biochemists that are not trained to give medical advice.